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Timely intake of an adequate amount of folic acid before and during the first three months of pregnancy is one of the known measures to prevent Spina Bifida. Interviews were held with 394 women in northern Uganda and researchers established that the folic acid intake in this area is low. This is attributed to limited education and understanding of women and health workers about the importance of early folic acid intake, late presentation of women at antenatal care, a poor supply chain and dilapidated health services caused by war and poverty. A combination of food fortification with folic acid, sensitization of health workers and women, and improving the folic acid supply is recommended to reduce the number of children born with neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
The open access article "Prevention of spina bifida: folic acid intake during pregnancy in Gulu district, northern Uganda" by Femke Bannink, Rita Larok, Peter Kirabira, Lieven Bauwens (IF) and Geert van Hove has recently been published in the Pan African Medical Journal.